Alkarama's report addressed the situation of human rights in Yemen since the last review by the Human Rights Committee in 2005. A number of concerns were highlighted, including the excessive use of force by the Yemeni authorities, namely individual branches of the armed forces under the control of members of former President Salah's family during the 2011 protests (such as the Republican Guards), which have led to hundreds of extra-judicial executions. In addition, there were a number of deaths caused by various security and intelligence forces in conflicts in the north, against the Houthi community – a conflict that has been ongoing since 2004, as well as in the south of the country, which has witnessed protests seeking increased autonomy from the central Government. The government's counter-terrorism measures have also lead to deaths, including in drone attacks carried out with US assistance.
Torture and ill-treatment also remained an unfortunate constant in the country, particularly for people detained by Political Security and National Security. Arbitrary detention in general of protestors and political activists, as well as for people involved in the Houthi and southern protest movements was of concern, particularly as detention conditions remain precarious. Unfair trials were rampant – main issues included lack of access to legal counsel and use of coerced confessions.
A further subject of concern were attacks on the freedom of expression, which affected in particular the media and journalists who faced constant harassment in the period since Yemen's last review.
Looking towards the future, Alkarama recommended that the Committee address the issue of impunity presented by the amnesty law adopted by the Yemeni parliament on 21 January 2012 which provides immunity to Saleh, and his aides, from prosecution, in breach of international human rights law.