Iraq: UN Committee on Enforced Disappearances Adopts List of Issues in View of the Country's Review in September 2015
During its 8th session held in February 2015, the United Nations Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED) adopted the List of Issues in relation to the report submitted by Iraq. The State party is due to provide its answers in writing before its review in September 2015. The list aims at facilitating the preparation of a constructive dialogue between the UN experts and the State party during their consideration of Iraq's initial report.
On 27 February 2015, Alkarama and Human Rights Guardians sent a communication to the United Nation Working Group on Enforced Disappearances (WGEID) concerning the case of two Syrian political activists victims of enforced disappearance. Both disappeared since their respective arrests in the Hama governorate by members of Syrian Security Forces, between October 2011 and April 2012. These are further cases documenting the systematic use of enforced disappearance to silence and punish all the peaceful opponents to the regime.
On 23 February 2015, Alkarama solicited the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions (SUMX) to ask the Egyptian authorities to launch investigations into the arbitrary executions of two men killed during military operations in North Sinai. 71-year-old, Eid Said Salama Al Hamadine and 50-year-old, Hilmi Sayed (whose name was anonymised) were killed respectively on 17 August 2014 and 5 January 2015 in Sheikh Zuweid, a Bedouin town in the North Sinai Governorate, near the Rafah border crossing with the Gaza Strip.
On 17 February 2015, Alkarama sent an urgent appeal to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture (SRT) regarding the case of Mohamed Saïd Rizq, a 27-year-old Egyptian citizen repeatedly tortured by the security forces since his arrest on 27 August 2014. Held in deplorable detention conditions, Rizq is in a critical condition and still at high risk of torture.
On 1 February 2015, Tarek Rabaa was set free, after six years of detention in Lebanese jails. Summoned to the Ministry of Defence for investigation on 12 July 2010, the 45-year-old Lebanese engineer was subsequently arrested. An arrest warrant was issued a month later on charges of "collaborating and communicating with the enemy".
On 11 February 2015, Alkarama wrote to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to health (SRH) and the Special Rapporteur on Torture (SRT), regarding the cases of three Egyptian citizens who died in detention in late 2014. Abubakar Ahmed Hanafi, aged 46, Zaki Abu Hanafi Majd, 54, and Mahmoud Abdelrazak Shafie Rouby, 27, all lost their lives due to the lack of appropriate medical treatment.